Built by order of Augustus the Strong as a hunting lodge for his son (completed in 1728), and expanded into a royal residence for Augustus III from 1743 to 1753, the rococo dream lasted only a few years and was abruptly shattered by war, looting and bankruptcy. It was quickly over, the time of Italian opera, French chic, bombastic hunting pleasures. For a moment in 1763, Hubertusburg was a place of European peace. Then the halls, which had been completely emptied except for the castle chapel, became a military magazine, an earthenware factory and a prison, and eventually a mental hospital, an air force school and a state hospital. Courtly pleasure gave way to pragmatic utility.